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so grammarians we have this class of words called adjectives and what they do is they change stuff adjectives change stuff adjectives change stuff ooh they're part of this larger category of words that we call modifiers because that's that's what they do they may modify they change things so let's say I were to draw you a bear a kind of human looking standing on two legs kind of bear sure I could refer to this bear and I could say the bear but I can also refer to this bear with a description like the friendly bear but if that bear were blue for instance I could describe the bear as the blue bear and in the blue bear the word blue modifies bear blue is an adjective that describes bear so adjectives change stuff and they describe stuff and if that bear were different color it would be you know the red bear and now that bear is red actually more of a salmon color frankly let's put this into action with some sentences Stephen is Connie's best friend now what is the word that describes or changes another word in this sentence if you guess best you were correct best modifies friend so Stephen is Connie's best friend what is Stephen friend what kind of friend is he the best friend the enormous pie is not for sale now what's the what's the adjective in that sentence if you guessed enormous you would be correct enormous which means very big is modifying or changing word pi I thought a little bit of word origins might be kind of useful here if we go back to the Latin now you don't obviously don't need to speak Latin in order to make sense of English but I thought it would be cool to look at what adjectives literally means so the word part ad comes from the Latin meaning to or toward or on and the ejected part comes from a Latin word yakatori it means to throw so an adjective is something that's kind of thrown on or thrown on top of something because you don't necessarily need adjectives in order for a sentence to make sense the way that you need to have a verb or the way that you need to have a noun adjectives are a little bit extra they're thrown on top you know the these sentences would work on their own without the adjectives in them Stephen is Connie's friend the pie is not for sale you know they would work but what's nice about adjectives and modifiers of all kinds is that they add something extra they add more detail they change and describe stuff that's what adjectives do you can learn anything Dave it out