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”myself“和”ourselves“等反身代词经常被用来作强调,比如“if you won’t help me, then I'll do it myself!" 可汗学院语法专家David将为你解释它们的用法。




alright grammarian so we know that there's one way to use this thing we call reflexive pronouns and this to say you're doing something to yourself as in the sentence I made myself breakfast right I'm making myself breakfast or in the sentence Reynaldo cut himself shaving sorry about the capitalist there that is a mistake so Ronaldo and himself and I and myself we use these are called reflexive pronouns and we use them when the subject and the object of a sentence is the same thing right but there's another way to use these reflexive pronouns and it's called aliphatic usage so I want you to imagine me storming off in a huff or getting really excited as I say the following well if you won't help me I'll do it myself or he's lying I heard it myself or the princess herself is running the charity marathon and what this is is what we call emphatic or intensive because we use it to intensify a statement or to grant it emphasis right this is this is how it works so instead of just saying and the difference the key difference between reflexive and intensive or emphatic usage of this kind of pronoun is you could take these right out of a sentence and it would still make sense I'll do it I heard it the princess will run the marathon right we're using them as intensifiers which really means they can come right out they're not essential to the understanding of the sentence you're just using these words in order to hammer home a point you know if someone else isn't helping you you say I'll do it but you want to really hammer home the fact that you're going to be doing it alone so you say oh do it myself and if you want to emphasize that you were you were there and you heard something happen you would say I heard it myself and if it's really crazy that the princess is running this marathon then you would say well the princess herself will be there and that's that's nuts and that's the intensive or emphatic pronoun that's how you use it you can learn anything Dave it out