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hello grammarians hello Paige hi David so Paige have you ever heard of this man Aldus Manutius I don't think I have that's a pretty cool name cuz that is his given name was actually Aldo manusia he was a venetian printer around 1500 and this guy invented the italic typeface what yeah so italic is this this word that really just comes from Italy right so he's from Venice which is in modern-day Italy and what it refers to is text that is kind of on its side so like this kind of slopes to the right that's italic and he was one of the first printers so he had this movable type printing machine this press and he developed these letters he cut him into pieces of metal and he developed this kind of slanted style and today we call this the italic typeface Wow yeah actually technically we'd call this the italic script because it's based on an earlier kind of hand from calligraphy but all the same today we have this thing in text called italics so okay so we've got we've got our typeface here and it comes in two flavors we've got Roman which is kind of standing right up and italic which is slanted to the right page how do we use italics in English italics have two uses in English one is to emphasize and the other is to indicate that something is a title so we use it for emphasis and titling let's dive into the first one okay so if we're trying to use italics to emphasize something in text we would just use it to set off one word so for example that's a really spicy pepper yeah the word really is said very strongly in that sentence mm-hmm okay and use case number two for titling and you know what to make it easier on ourselves let's sum let's pull up a text box yeah it's kind of hard to write italics yeah which is actually gonna lead us into another part of this video you'll see but right now okay I got my italic type selected so how did work so if you have a title of something like book or a movie so okay so we got a book The Hobbit we're gonna movie and we have a full-length musical work like a symphony or an album like Kate Bush's hounds of love like all of those things can be rendered in italic in italic type so okay so for full works then so for books movies and full-length musical works like an album or a symphony okay so like a song or a chapter of a book is not considered a full word correct okay now as you pointed out page like the difference between spicy and really here not the easiest to discern so if I were going to be writing out the title of something just by hand it's pretty hard to do italics so what we do when we're writing things by hand is we use the underline yeah so the underline means the same thing right as italics you use it for titles a full works but it's a lot easier to handwrite and underline than it is to handwrite italics page what's your favorite book let's say The Giver that's a great book that is a great book alright so I'm writing the giver I want to indicate that it's a full title loop put that underline underneath it the giver is pages favorite book so the way we're the way we're underlining the giver is the same functionally as the way we've italicized the hobbit the thief of the cobbler or hounds of love that's right so that's where the italic typeface comes from is this guy Aldus Manutius this is how we use it today you can learn anything gave it out pay job