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hello grammarians and hello Paige today we're going to be talking about commas in correspondence and what that means is how to use commas in letter writing so saying hello and saying goodbye when you start writing a letter or an email to somebody you use commas so let me let me show you an example so if you're running a letter to someone you open it with something like this dear Prudence comma I received the plum jam you sent me and you can see we have this little comma here because what commas do right is they separate elements of the sentence from one another so what we're doing here with this comma is we're putting it after the greeting to separate it from the body text so that's how you begin a letter or an email with a comma after the you know dear heart or the hello prudence comma part you know whatever it is but Paige how do you use commas toward the end of of correspondence of emails and stuff right so at the end of a letter or an email you'll use a comma in a sort of similar way to how you use it at the beginning so you'll say something like with love comma Bruce Ben Bacharach so okay so we can we can use them at the beginning like this dear Prudence comma or we can use it at the end at the endings of letters so so this has a technical name we were discussing this before we started recording so if you if you open a letter that's called the salutation which is another way to say hi and the way you end a letter is called a valediction which is like a saying hail I think male in Latin means hail I think salute is hello and male or volley is goodbye and so this is really just like a hello inning and a goodbye saying so if you're saying hello in a letter or an email you use a comma if you're saying goodbye and a letter or an email you can learn anything Dave it out hey Joe