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hello grammarians and hello Paige hi David so we're gonna talk about using commas in dialogues so I've got these two sentences here that I have removed all the punctuation from because I recognize that figuring out where to put commas when you are reporting someone else's speech you know for a newspaper article or a piece of fiction or whatever it is can be quite confusing and so here's basically what you need to know is that commas and dialogue essentially function as runways you can ramp you up to get going for an utterance and take you down and land page would you read me this sentence Guillermo said I have no idea where I put that moonstone so we're starting into this sentence and we're gonna use this comma as a ramp to divide between the utterance and what's called a dialog tag so Guillermo said comma I have no idea where I put that moonstone this is the end of his utterance we're gonna put a period here however sentence number two they're probably pirates Roxanne said so here since we're putting the dialogue tag after the reported speech this were otherwise going to be a period we're gonna put a comma here so they're probably pirates comma Roxanne said period and why is this it's because we're trying to separate between the reported speech and the dialogue tag itself so in the event that this were a question however you would use a question mark or if it were an exclamation you'd use an exclamation point but if it were going to just be a period you wouldn't do this you wouldn't say they're probably pirates period Roxanne said you would say they're probably pirates comma Roxanne said yeah I know that's kind of confusing but that is the style that we abide by in English right so as you said a comma with dialogue is pretty much acting as a runway okay so with the first sentence Guillermo said , so this is kind of like takeoff right you're getting like ramped up into the dialogue and then with the second one it's like the plane is landing and they're probably pirates and then the dialogue ends cool but there has to be a comma in there to end it so if the statement we're going to end with a period we'd use a comma and report a dialogue when the tag follows the reported speech otherwise we'd use all the other relevant punctuation marks yeah okay cool so this is like the only time ever when you can end a sentence with a comma yeah pretty much whoa that's awesome yeah so that's how you use commas and dialogue you can learn anything David out page out