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Bare/bear, allowed/aloud, advice/advise, 以及break/brake

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hello grammarians hello a man hello today we're going to be talking about four sets of frequently confused words and the one that I want to begin with is advice and advise how do we keep these two words straight well first of all advice with a c' is a noun and advise with an S is a verb and these are really easy to screw up because they look very similar and you'd think that they have approximately the same sound but the C in advice actually ends up having a sound and s and the s in advise ends up having a zu sound a Z sound so let's use these both in a sentence Bertram gives terrible advice well Paila advised us not to surf on a full stomach so the word advice the noun contains another noun the word vice which is kind of like a it's a type of clamp usually tightened by means of like a metal screw and you turn it with a handle and in in my context in my experience I've used it in woodworking projects to keep pieces of wood still so you want to clamp something while it's being glued together you've got two piece of wood let's say this little piece of Redwood and this little piece of blue would you want to glue them together hold them still with a vise so if you remember that a vise is a noun you can remember that had vise is a noun and when you advise someone yes you are giving them advice but this is the verb form so now we have two other words that sound the same but are very different we have allowed and allowed now there are both adjectives but they have different spellings and different meanings so let's start with the first aloud which is spelled al o UD note that it has the word loud in it which can help us remember that this word talks about something being spoken loudly so let's use that in a sentence Ginny Maud aloud so when we say aloud al o UD we mean it's audible it can be heard that word aloud cool what's this next one aloud with two L's and a good way to remember this is to think about the word legal which has two L's if something is legal it is also allowed or permissible so let's think of an example oliver allowed no peppers in his soup very allergic he's very allergic yes similarly you might be allowed to drive at 60 miles per hour because it is legal to drive at that speed sweep let's move on to our next set so over here we have break and break so these are both nouns and verbs right to break something is to you know crack it in half or to split or just to ruin or destroy something but it also refers to the results of a crack or a split like you could say the break in a vase and whereas break also a noun and a verb refers to slowing stuff down so to slow down or the mechanism that does the slowing so we have here both a verb form and we have here the verb form and the noun form so how do you remember the difference between them let's let's let's take it from the decision point so I'm writing a sentence and I'm trying to figure out which one I want to use so let's just kind of imagine we've got this Unwerth brach here now if I want to use the the break and destroy sense in order to do that I just have to break the word in half and put and put that II right in the middle I broke the word in half I put the the II right in the center and that means that I've cracked the word but let's say I'm got brac over here I want to slow down its forward momentum I'm gonna put that eat right at the end it looks sort of like a spring we want to halt its momentum by putting that e at the end so let's put these into a sentence okay so Jessie breaks a vase and how do we remember to say breaks with EI k well we put the e in the middle we break the word in half we put the e in the middle let's do the other one Paolo slammed on the brakes and how did we remember we want to have the e at the end well the e is trying to slow Paolo down we're trying to halt that momentum by putting that spring looking e at the end of the word this one's a little have favourites it's the difference between Bare B ei R and bear VAR e now the word bear ei R can be either a verb or a noun and when it's a when it's a noun it's this critter but when it's a verb it means to carry and B ar e is an adjective meaning naked or empty and when I say bear as a verb I mean that in the sense of bearing a burden if you've heard that expression or if you've ever heard somebody say I can't bear it that literally means I can't carry it but metaphorically it means I can't withstand it and bear is something more like the cupboards were bare meaning empty yeah open up the cover to fly comes out something like that so how do we keep these two words separate well all you have to remember is this simple mnemonic EE before a take it away a before e everyone can see that you are naked or that your cupboard is empty so those are just a couple of mnemonic devices just memory aids that will ideally assist you in keeping these sets of words straight you can learn anything Dave it out you man out