If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

如果你被网页过滤器挡住,请确保域名*.kastatic.org*.kasandbox.org 没有被阻止.

主要内容
当前时间:0:00总时长:3:21

视频字幕

hello grammarians today I want to talk about one of the absolute thorniest issues in usage of English and it's the difference between there there and there and if you can't tell the difference from the way I'm saying it that's because it's really confusing and evil um and that is why I'm here is to help you make a distinction between these three sound-alike words now first of all we have their th er E which we're going to use orange for is an adverb and an adjective and it's used to signify where something is so the way to remember that this one is all about location is just to take the T and replace it with the W the question is where the answer is there so have you been to Greece yes I went there I have not gone there have you seen my dog yes there's my dog so you asked the question where did you go I went there where is my dog there is my dog and technically this is an adverbial use here there is modifying went and here is an adjective use because there is modifying dog the second member of this confusing trio is their th e IR which is a possessive determiner this is call that a possessive so this is when something belongs to Ave and it's an adjective so let's just call this a possessive adjective for some--for of a su and Freda ate their icecream cones so th e IR the possessive answers the question who does that belong to so rounding out our trio the last member of the they're they're they're riders of the apocalypse is th ey apostrophe re which is a contraction of they are so anywhere you would want to say they are you can smoosh that together and say there so hey kid are your parents home no they're not home right now can I take a message so you see in this sentence they're not home right now can I take a message there th ey apostrophe re is replacing they are both of these things would work equally well in the sentence they're both grammatical ones just shorter and as we know English as with most languages likes to take the easy route finding the shortest possible or most efficient option if you prefer so as a writer and speaker of English you're going to come across this situation a lot which one of these things do you use and so when you come across this thorny little issue do I use there there there you have to ask yourself a series of questions question number one does it answer the question where is it if so use th e re if the use answers the question who does it belong to then you use th e IR if what you're trying to say is a contraction of they are than what you're looking for is th ey apostrophe re I know it's confusing but you can learn anything Dave it out